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Villa d'Este in Tivoli Italy, can you describe to me this place?
Villa d'Este in Tivoli Italy, can you describe to me this place?
23.08.2013, 19:11
Rank: 7
This month:
A true architectural gem, a masterpiece of Renaissance, Villa d'Este is located in the town of Tivoli in Italy, the impressive building being erected by Cardinal Ippolito II d'Este (1509-1572), known especially due to his grandfather, Pope Alexander VI Borgia. The villa itself is impressive both due to its size and due to the architectural elements, but this beauty would be incomplete without the gardens, fountains and artificial caves. The construction of Villa d'Este was started in 1550, the same period when Ippolito was to be appointed Governor of Tivoli, located about 20 kilometers from Rome. The one who felt that Ippolito II d'Este was suitable for this position was Pope Julius III.

Shortly after being appointed governor of the city of Tivoli, Ippolito ordered a new villa this time, the one who helped paint the walls being Livio, an artist appreciated at the time. Ippolito II wanted more personalities to contribute to painting the villa, the artistic trend being obviously the Italian mannerism. Even so, the exquisite gardens proved more attractive than the building, placed on terraces, ie on the hills leading to the entrance to Villa d'Este. Fitting such areas was even more difficult as the coast was very steep, so that water supply was brought by using a hydraulic system, used at Villa Adriana, located nearby.

Despite the fact that it's a very complicated hydraulic system, it actually uses ancient methods of supplying water, revitalizing techniques used in the Roman Empire under Emperor Hadrianus. Later, Villa d'Este had to undergo several restorations and renovations which were started under Cardinal Alessandro d'Este. The cardinal wanted to renovate primarily the water gardens. Finally, the property came into the possession of the Habsburg dynasty in the eighteenth century. Unfortunately, this was the period of decline: the gardens were abandoned and the statues present in this impressive area began to be moved. This period ended a century later when Cardinal Gustav von Hohenlohe took it over.

Massive restoration works followed. Around the same time, the famous composer Franz Liszt visited the property, one of his last concerts taking place right here. Included on the UNESCO World Heritage List, Villa d'Este is now administrated by the state and is considered one of the most beautiful properties around the world. Also many properties were inspired by this place, especially concerning the gardens. Dell'Ovato Fontana (Fountain Ovalo), Pirro Ligorio's Gran Loggia or Le Cento Fontane are just some of the impressive points of this area. After the visitors pass through beautiful gardens, they get inside the building of Villa d'Este. The frescoes on the ceiling are the main attraction, giving the impression of three-dimensional images.
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