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Old Agricultural Occupations In The Somes Fields

Since ancient times, people in agricultural occupations were farming the Somes Plain & Livestock, which provided both food raw materials and for some home occupations.

Sizes were relatively small border villages in the existence, until World War I, in some places, the large landowners who owned large areas of the property residents made to diminish even more. Most people have little land and cattle, being forced to work the major land owners. It retains two thirds of the crop and the third was for those who worked the land. In these conditions, for most families in the villages, grains obtained were modest, only satisfying domestic demands daily.

In conditions where traction for agricultural work and transportation was provided only by large animals (cows, oxen, horses), their growth in each household was required both to perform these works, and to obtain income from their sale.

In the agricultural occupation, cereals ranks first. They were grown mainly in spring and winter wheat and corn. Along with these are grown in small quantities barley, oats, used for raising animals and birds, sunflower and pumpkin, to obtain oil, feeding pigs and cattle.

Earth was plowing with wooden beam and metal blades, after the Bulgarians were crumbs of earth with wooden harrow metal fangs. Two types of plows were used: one with fixed Corman plowing land that led to fewer accidents, which could overturn the furrow in both directions, one with Corman exchanger used to plow furrow slopes that could not overturn than in one direction, down the slope.

Because the villages were divided into arable land c ultivated with some grain fields, each owner cultivated what he wanted on his property, to achieve high yields and the land looked like before they were fattened with manure or with the stable sheep. To prevent complete exhaustion of land, some owners were detours like in one year left some land pieces to rest. Summer, after harvesting the land that was shown to bake the soil with roots of dry weeds. Arable land was cultivated in a way that every two years or three years to return the same kind of grain on them. After wheat they planted corn and then sunflower.

For winter cereals, plowing and semantic based agricultural occupations is done in September. Before being signed, the wheat was sifted with the sieve to remove seeds of weeds. Seeds of wheat is panted by waving, then plowing, then harrow to cover seed. If the land was not harrowed well, they would pass a thick wood cylinder, mounted in a rectangular wooden frame, to level the land. Autumn working which meant weeds, were weeded out by picking them up in the spring to remain clean. The main weed weeding was Velcro.

Spring, as snow was melting and smoothing the ground they started plowing for spring cereals. Corn held the largest share among the cereals in spring as cornmeal and polenta is the daily diet of the inhabitants until the 1950s. Corn is hand resembled the furrow, all in the third furrow, or plowing, then harrowing the ground. Corn was picked twice, first in May when he was three to four leaves and the second time in early June, when the roots are wrapped.

Among agricultural occupations enroll also Livestock: cattle, horses, sheep and goats. Because localities did not have enough pasture for animals thrust the right to pasture is established according to the land that he had every property. At one acres of land were entitled to six sheep or a cow grazing. Each owner of the property had signs that were made with iron reddened by the nose or the ear to recognize the animal. Cattle and sheep had the largest share.

The animals were wintering at home, cattle and sheep in the fold being fed with food collected during the summer. Spring, after snowmelt, each owner shall send a child to grazing sheep and bring them home tonight. People more engaged with their status in the village spring a man to take care of animals.

Among the tools used in agricultural occupations to include plow, harrow, scythe, fork, rake, hoe and sickle. As for vehicles they used carts and sleds.

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