Saturday, November 19, 2022

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Romanian Names And Their Origin

Under the DEX, birthday is a linguistic discipline, whose object of study is the origin, formation and evolution of proper names. The term can be used to refer to all proper names, especially names of people, from one language, region, age, etc. In the latter context, the present article aims to analyze the Romanian birthday in Transylvania, more precisely, the most frequent names, found in the historical and geographical space.

After their origin, family name is divided into the following groups:
1.Names from Romanian words indicating: local origin, physical appearance, physical characteristics, occupations, objects ethnic significance; animals.
2.Calendar names.
3.Names of other origins: glory, Hungarian;
4.Diverse name origins explained enough.

1.Names of family show: local origin, physical appearance, physical characteristics, occupation, ethnic significance; animals.

Names indicate local origin.
The name refers to the region from where the respective families. Name the type Crisan, Marginean, Moldovan, Muresan, Oltean, Salajan, Tarnovean indicate the origin of the lands Cris, Sibiu Surroundings of Moldova, of the Mures, Olt Salaj and the Tarnave. It also shows the origin of the name Blajan wearer as Blaj and Campean area of Transylvania Plain.

Names originally given by appearance.
An example of this is Lungu name.

Names given after physical features.
Buzgo is a name originating in Salaj Romanian, Hungarian and etimon with meaning "zealous, full of zeal."

Names given after occupation.
These names reveal interesting aspects of life and concerns of people and thus becomes a witness in Romanian birthday ethnographic implications. Names that show such occupation, mostly true, some of the ancient Romanian family names are: Atal?, Baciu, Cismas, Cocis, Colceriu or Colcer, Deac, pottery, Palincas, ferryman, Pop, Puscas, Rotar, Suciu, Suteu. They lead to common nouns such as astal?, baci, cismar, Coci?, colcer, DIAC, potter, palincas, ferryman, priest, Puscas, wheelwrights, and Suteu twist. Examples of such astal?, Cocis, twist and Suteu can give the impression that it would be words of Hungarian origin, which is really about their distant origin, but we must not forget that these words have entered the everyday language of some centuries in the Transylvanian Romanian words and that should be considered so. Mentioning as their synonyms, carpenter, driver, skinner or furrier and baker, has entered the popular speech of northern and western Transylvania relatively recent literary language, especially through school and administration. It should be noted and that the noun "colcer" is a synonym of archaism "Clucerului" and "palincas" is especially brandy producer and consumer less.
Reviewing the above occupations, it follows that they are characteristic of rural areas, indicating some specific occupations feudal period, about the academy and rural life since. You can not overlook the fact that "outlaw" can mean outlaw, with a general sense, but the prison warden.

Name database objects by name.
After the objects found in Romanian birthday, names like Ban and Bota.

Names that are based on ethnic significance.
This category includes names like Horvat, the Hungarians "Horvat" (Croatia), Neamtu, Russian, with a transcript Magyarized, Oros, hence the name derived Ososan. Here is the example of the transcripts and pronounced fit different Seica, Seiche, Seichely, existing names in Romanian families, having its origin in Hungarian "Szkely" (Szkely).

Names after names of animal data.
Examples of names: Wolf, the derivative Lupsa, Bear, and Ursu? Ursan derivatives and deer, which are rarer.

2.Names with religious calendar of origin.
With a secular tradition in Romanian, these names have left their mark strong in Transylvania Romanian birthday. The explanation for this persistent lies in the fact that within certain families, animated name is perpetuated calendar, which by their resumption, became a distinctive mark on certain core family somewhat in comparison with others. Examples of these names are: Anise, Balint, Cosma, Dan, Fodor, Onofrei, Pal, Parascan, Simon, Stefan, Todor, Trifan, Varva, Zehan. It may be noted that these names appear sometimes with variants and derivatives and Romanian folk forms not included in the calendar, considered as literary and official. For example, Parascan is a derivative of Parasca, version made popular by truncation of the Paraskevi; Varva, formed by short, in popular language, from Barbara.

3.Names of other origins.

Slav
The name of Slavic origin, due to historical circumstances, social and cultural, have persisted in Romanian birthdays for many centuries. In this category are part Boca, Budu, Mircea, Raiha, Vescan, Rusu.

Hungarian.
Romanian birthday includes many names of Hungarian origin, the most common being Farcas, Balint, Seica, Silaghi.

4.Names whose origin is poorly explained.

Chezan a possible Romanian derivation with the suffix "an" in Hungarian noun "KEZ" (hand)
Cheteles-probably a derivation of Hungarian adjective "koteles" (forced, required)
Man, can be based on names like Emanoil, Manea, Manole or Slavic name Mano Manos Greek times, without excluding altogether any common noun "Mann" (man, person) in Germany.
Manecan-if not a popular form of village rebuilt after Manic origin, could be derived from "sleeve", or the old word of Latin origin, "the sleeve", meaning to wake up, start early the morning.

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