Dachshunds (Dachshund) is an old breed of German origin and as the name confirms it is advocating in support of the ironic-affectionate nickname of “German sausage” given by the British. On seniority there are several other theories of its origins thus, one of them, based on images from the Egyptian frescoes is said to be the first evidence of the existence of this race and dates back nearly 4000 years ago.
It would have existed in the times of the Pharaoh, under the dynasty of Sesostris, Tackelul being used as a guard dog. On a funerary statue of a pharaoh, there was found the name “Dachshund.” However, this theory seems to be true, since the beginning of our era, the race disappeared from the Nile Valley and never were any other traces found. After another theory, the race would come from a crossing between a Basset Bruno de Jura, type St. Hubert and the Pinscher breed type of dogs, which resulted in today’s short-haired Dachshund, the first of the varieties of dachshund. Later, through several short-haired Dachshund crosses and other breeds have resulted in other varieties of dachshund.
The standard short-haired Dachshund is the most famous of all races. Having it is considered a great success for hunters. It is small, short, with a compact and long body, protruding chest, shaped like a bow of the boat, with short legs that are muscular, he has all the characteristics of the group which is part basset. The life expectancy is 12 to 15 years and a female can give birth to an average of 3 to 4 cubs. The height of a Dachshund can vary from 30 to 45 centimeters and weigh 3.5 kilograms for a miniature dachshund and up to 9 kilograms which is a standard dachshund.
He is prone to spinal disc problems also known as Dachshund paralysis and is not allowed to become overweight or exceed the recommended height. They can develop heart disease, urinary tract problems and diabetes. It is an expert in hunting badger as it enters without fear into the hole it catches the badger in a corner and, with all its opposition, it never escapes. Because odor developed scent and courage it can detect and track wild boars. It can also find a wounded deer or bear. The Dachshund has a remarkable intelligence and charm it makes him today to be used everywhere, as a good companion and as a recreational dog. Due to his outstanding talents he is an excellent hunter and is used in the police.