The Doberman Pinscher is a relatively new breed which was officially recognized in 1900. Although it was originally designed to be a ferocious guard dog for protection, the Doberman Pinscher temperament has been much weakened, making him now a loving and devoted companion dog, but still protective of his family members.
In late 1800, in Thueringen, Germany, Louis Doberman made attempts to create the perfect guard dog. Although sources of training were often controversial, many people believe that the Rottweiler and German Pinscher's smooth black hair and tan helped develop the breed. The Doberman was not born till 1900 when the breed was officially recognized. Soon, the breed was imported into the United States. In 1921 the American Doberman Pinscher clubs were founded and the dog quickly gained popularity as a breed of working dogs.
The Doberman Pinscher gives the impression of nobility and elegance. This is a compact dog of medium size and good proportions. His coat is short, black and rust, black and tan or dark red with rust. New varieties are represented by brown color with lighter spots (Isabella variety) and often blue spots. This is a dog that has conical head and ears which can be cropped or left as they are. Uncut ears will naturally hang. The tail is amputated. The height at the withers is 66 to 71 centimeters and 61 to 66 centimeters for both male and female. The body weight is 30 to 40 kilograms in both sexes.
The Doberman Pinscher has been designed to be both a guard dog, and a companion. The first Doberman dogs were more aggressive than today. Currently it is more friendly, but is still is an excellent guard dog for protection. With proper socialization he can become loving and loyal and will guard his master until his last breath. Doberman Pinscher is a dog who loves human company, but it is the best breed for families with small children. Despite being loyal and protective, if it is high or inadequately trained, the breed can be mischievous, disobedient and even aggressive. He is an intelligent dog, but can be dominant and is not the breed for people who have a dog for the first time.